Cannabinoids are a group of compounds specific to the cannabis plant. Researchers believe there are over 60 cannabinoids, most of which are only present in trace amounts. These compounds interact with the endocannabinoid system, found in the physiology of most mammals. These complex interactions give the cannabis plant it’s incredible medicinal values.
Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC
By far, the most well-known cannabinoid is Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. This compound is what gives marijuana it’s psychoactive effects, and usually the most abundant cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. Years of research, mostly government, has found THC also helps with Pain Relief, PTSD, Nausea and Vomiting, Appetite Stimulant, Asthma, Glaucoma and more.
Cannabidiol or CBD
Cannabidiol or CBD has been the subject of much fanfare as of late – and for good reason. This cannabinoid has been shown to help with a laundry list of ailments, ranging from anxiety to diabetes. In fact, the US Government filed ‘US Patent 6630507’ in 2003 confirming these results.
Cannabinol or CBN
This cannabinoid is the ‘new kid on the block.’ Short for cannabinol, CBN is usually found in trace amounts of most cannabis plants. CBN is derived from the oxidation of the THC molecule but has little to no psychoactive effects. CBN helps with some of the same ailments CBD addresses but is much more effective on arthritis and as a powerful sleep aid.
These 3 cannabinoids are the most common found in the cannabis plant – which leaves 57 more to discuss. It should be noted, some cannabinoids have different permutations that interact with the endocannabinoid system counterintuitively. For instance, THCa is the acidic version of THC and non-psychoactive. In order to convert THCa to THC, you heat it. There’s also THCv, and CBDa, and CBC, and CBG…you get the point. We are entering an exciting time in marijuana study, and only time will tell the true power of this ancient herb.