These days, cannabis extracts are seemingly everywhere you look. Dispensaries, festivals, social media…and probably at the last party you attended. Even though primitive extracts, like hash and kief, have been around for centuries, the growing legal market for cannabis has led to an explosion in the number of extractions available.
This new world of concentrates has created a new lexicon to go with it. These terms can be a bit confusing for the uninitiated, so we decided to offer a quick rundown of some basic terms you should be familiar with:
An extraction technique that uses alcohol to separate cannabinoids from raw plant material. By using slightly different techniques, manufacturers can produce different end products, such as oil or shatter.
Butane Hash Oil (BHO):
One of the most common cannabis extraction products, and a type of hydrocarbon extraction. Based on the use of butane as a solvent to remove the cannabinoids from raw plant material. The details involved in the extraction process distinguish one type of BHO from another.
A type of hash oil that has a thick, creamy consistency. Similar to, but softer than, wax.
The “active ingredients” in the cannabis plant. There are a number of them, but the most medicinally and recreationally important ones include cannabinol (CBN), cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
A form of extraction that relies on supercritical CO2 to isolate the cannabinoids from the raw plant material.
As a noun, dab refers to a small amount of concentrate. As a verb, it means to touch the extract to something hot (such as a heated metal pick, called a nail or dabber) in order to inhale the vapors produced.
One of the oldest concentrates known, it is made by manually removing the plants THC-containing trichomes or using water to facilitate the process. The end product is often compressed for ease of storage.
A type of extraction method that relies on a hydrocarbon. Butane is the most commonly used solvent.
The trichomes of the marijuana plant. They contain most of the THC found in the plant. Often called “crystals” colloquially.
The product of some high-end butane extraction systems, it relies on fresh-frozen cannabis, rather than dried plants. The end result has a rich flavor and aroma, unlike many other extracts.
A special type of glass pipe used for vaping concentrates.
A type of hash oil concentrate that is semi-transparent and brittle. It fractures rather than bends when stressed laterally.
Chemical compounds present in cannabis plants that provide most of the flavor and aroma.
A type of hash oil concentrate with a slightly brittle consistency. Opaque.
Cannabis extracts made by using ice water and a set of increasingly fine sieves to isolate the plant’s desired cannabinoids, without using a solvent or supercritical fluid. Different details involved in the extraction process produce slightly different forms of the substance, such as budder or wax.
This is intended solely for those with legal access to cannabis and cannabis-derived products. Always follow your local laws and regulations.